Industrial DAF Systems

The HyDAF Dissolved Air Flotation (DAF) system’s simplicity and exceptional performance are just two of the reasons why the HyDAF is the Dissolved Air Flotation system of choice in wastewater treatment applications today.

The Hydroflux HyDAF HD range of dissolved air flotation systems is one of the most popular products in the Hydroflux equipment range. The HyDAF dissovled air flotation system has been installed in many industrial applications including Food and Beverage, Manufacturing, Mining and also for tertiary polishing of wastewater such as the removal of algea.

Please click on one of the links below for additional information on the Hydroflux HyDAF HD range of dissolved air flotation systems, click on the image to download the HyDAF brochure or alternatively, please review some recent case studies in the tabs below:

Please click on one of the links below for additional information or the tabs for photos, drawings, case studies and brochures:

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Key Features
Sustainable Saturation
HD-V Range
Standard Sizes
Common Applications
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Case Studies
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Key Features of the HyDAF Wastewater Dissolved Air Flotation system

The Hydroflux HyDAF system is an a modern advanced dissolved air flotation system. Designed by experts with many years experience in the application of dissolved air flotation systems, the HyDAF excels in many ways over conventional DAF systems.

A HyDAF HD Dissolved Air Flotation system comprises the following main components within one packaged plant:

  • Full stainless steel construction to suit wastewater charateristics.
  • Heavy duty, fully guarded, counter-current surface skimmer for the removal of surface float.
  • Integrated Sludge hoppers for easy settled solids removal and cleaning.
  • Flotation zone (DAF Zone) sized and designed to provide a quiescent volume for the formation and thickening of float.
  • Advanced and simple non blocking dissolved air recycle stream system.
  • Dissolved air recycle stream injection into the Hydroflux Hex Inlet Mixer for immediate air contact with flocculant and solids particles.
  • Hydroflux Hex Inlet Mixer provides superior inlet flow distribution and flocculent / recycle stream mixing for optimum flotation.
  • Effluent discharge baffle enhances the separation of the clarified effluent from the quiescent volume.
The most simple, effective and reliable dissolved air production system ever!

This micro-bubble precipitation is achieved through the following steps:

  1. First a recycle stream of treated effluent is taken from the discharge end of the HyDAF and is pressurised to a pressure of 400-600kPa.
  2. This pressurised flow is injected into specially designed process pipework called a Saturator. Air is added to the Saturator to maintain a “headspace” which acts to provide contact between the air and the treated effluent and it is here that air is dissolved into the recycle stream.
  3. To precipitate the dissolved air back as micro air bubbles, the pressure is relieved through a Pressure Regulating Valve (PRV). The PRV creates back pressure against the Recycle Pump and establishes the pressure in the system, and in the Saturator. This valve also provides for a high level of shear which aids in the precipitation of the air from the pressurised solution.

The HD-V series which is designed with a steep hopper base fitted with a screw conveyor. The V series allows removal of settled solids automatically, without the need to drain the DAF. It is ideal in applications where grit or other substances that do not float are abundant in the wastewater such as that found at meat processing plants.

The HD-V system is designed with the same inlet mixing system as the standard HD series, however, the unit features steep sloping sides and a screw is installed in the base.

The HD-V units utilise the velocity of the dissolved air recycle stream to thoroughly mix the air microbubbles throughout the incoming influent stream. The recycle stream is introduced into the influent stream at a 45° angle, after which the combined stream enters a hexagonal shaped chamber which promotes mixing. This results in an even distribution of dissolved air throughout incoming influent and ensures that the microbubbles have the best chance to contact incoming solids and any fat, oil and grease.

The conveyor screw is designed to remove any settled solids and sludge out of the system. The screw is designed to move the solids towards the drive end of the HyDAF where either an actuated valve or pump can be fitted, depending on the site requirements.

A stuffing box is used to seal the shaft, this technology is commonly used in marine applications to seal propeller shafts on boats. A packing material (braided gland) is wrapped around the shaft and compressed against the end plate by a packing nut, creating a seal.

Please click on one of the links below for additional information on the Hydroflux HyDAF HD range of dissolved air flotation systems, click on the image to download the HyDAF brochure or alternatively, please review some recent case studies in the tabs below:

Hydroflux Industrial supply a comprehensive range of HyDAF dissolved air flotation systems to suit virtually every industrial application

HyDAF dissolved air flotation model number Treatable flow range (KL/Hr)
HD10 5-15
HD20 15-25
HD35 35-40
HD50 40-60
HD75 65-85
HD100 85-120
HD200 150-225
HD300 250-350
HD500 400-600

*typical capacities for industrial wastewater. Consult Hydroflux Industrial for detailed sizing

The Hydroflux Hy-DAF range of Dissolved Air Flotation systems have been applied to a wide range of wastewater applications. Listed below are some of the more common ones.

Applications for the HyDAF dissolved air flotation system – orange indicates a clickable link:

Frequently Asked Questions – Hydroflux® HD-DAF – Industrial Dissolved Air Flotation System

“What is the capacity of the range of HyDAF dissolved air flotation systems?”
The HD range of HyDAF dissolved air flotation systems are designed for industrial applications where high solids loads are usually experienced. We have standard sizes that we manufacture but in each case we determine the most suitable model and dissolved air recycle system to suit the specific wastewater characteristics.

“What is the HyDAF HD-V range?”
This is a HyDAF system designed with steep sloping sides and an auger in the base. It is specifically used when the wastewater in question contains a reasonable proportion of settleable solids such as grit from a meat processing plant for example.

“What is the FlooDAF® range?”
FlooDAF is designed by Flootech which is one of Hydroflux’s many international exclusive partners. The FlooDAF® is an economical range of DAF systems for large flows up to 1000m3/hr.

“Is the HyDAF dissolved air flotation suitable shopping centres and food courts?”
Yes, but we have designed a GT range of dissolved air flotation systems specifically suited for treatment of wastewater from shopping centres and foods courts. Please click here to be directed to the GT-DAF pages.

“Can the HyDAF dissolved air flotation system handle variable load and flows?”
This depends. In applications where chemicals are not being used, the HyDAF dissolved air flotation system can operate and effectively treat wastewater at any flow and solids load up to its design capacity. If chemicals are being dosed, then variations in flow and solids load will adversely effect the chemical process. In these cases, the installation of a balance tank upstream of the HyDAF dissolved air flotation and a constant feed rate is recommended.

“Do I need to dose chemicals into the wastewater?”
Dosing of chemicals into the wastewater upstream of the HyDAF dissolved air flotation system will improve the performance of the system. Whether it is necessary to dose chemicals depends on the water quality that is required. Hydroflux® can tailor specific chemical programs to ensure performance requirements are met economically whilst minimising the amount of sludge that will be generated. For more information on our chemical division, please click here to visit the Hydroflux Utilities web site

“How much sludge will the HyDAF dissolved air flotation system generate?”
The amount of sludge generated depends on the amount of solids being removed and also whether chemicals are being dosed to enhance the performance of the HyDAF dissolved air flotation system. The dry solids concentration in the dissolved air flotation system sludge can be up to 10%. You can estimate the amount of sludge that will be generated by multiplying the solids load by the daily flow or alternatively give us a call and we will be able to assist. In larger applications the installation of a sludge dewatering plant will be highly economical. Please click here for information on our range of dewatering systems.

“What is the performance of the HyDAF dissolved air flotation system in terms of pollutant removal?”
The treated water quality depends on the nature of the raw wastewater and the chemical process that is applied. In many industrial applications, the HyDAF dissolved air flotation system can remove over 99% of solids and grease which will result in quite significant reductions in BOD and COD. Nutrients and metals can also be removed using the HyDAF dissolved air flotation process.

“Does the HyDAF dissolved air flotation system require much power?”
Compared to the overall power requirements of a complete wastewater treatment plant, the power demand for the actual HyDAF dissolved air flotation system is minimal. The dissolved air recycle pump draws the most power and is fitted with a motor ranging from 4 kW to 30kW depending on the size of the system.

“Can the HyDAF dissolved air flotation system system handle large solids?”
It can but large solids can cause blockages and increase the chances of sedimentation occurring. In industrial applications we normally recommend the installation of a 1 -2 mm screen be installed upstream of the HyDAF dissolved air flotation system. For information on our range of screens, please click here.

“Is the HyDAF dissolved air flotation system easy to maintain?”
Yes the system can often be maintained by in-house personnel. Mechanically the HyDAF dissolved air flotation system rarely fails, the most common cause of poor performance is due to chemical programs malfunctioning which is usually due to changes in raw wastewater characteristics. Hydroflux can offer a service and preventative maintenance program if required via Hydroflux Utilities. Please click here for more info.

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Hydroflux HyDAF HD35 Whitewater Test
HyDAF HyDAF HD35 Air v Streamlines – Cutaway
Hydroflux – HyDAF HD35 Whitewater Test – ISO